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The New NISAB for zakat for one year period Ramadan 1440AH (2019) to Sha’aban 1441AH (2020) has been determine and released.

The New NISAB show slight decrease from last year’s amount which was (N 1,075,066) due to some slight weakness of the Dollar over the period. The NISAB is calculated based on the value of the Dollar and the Nigerian Naira using the Dinar.

This year’s NISAB of money, Diyyah and Rubu’u Dinar stand as follows: NISAB: N 1, 058, 616.00, DIYYAH: N 52, 930, 800.00 and Rubu’u Dinar is N 13, 233.00. For more info or support for this work pls Call or text: IBRAHIM TUDU on 08086052324

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A Non – governmental organization, Zakat and Sadaqat Foundation (ZSF) has distributed cash and empowerment packages worth N3.5m to the needy. The coordinator of The Muslim Congress, FCT Chapter, Ustaz Mutiullah Aremu, speaking during the distribution programme said;  “the ravaging poverty in the country would be drastically reduced if the government justly distribute the nation’s wealth, fearing Allah and ensuring prioritization of the welfare of the citizenry”.

He also emphasized that “The wealthy in the society should also eschew self-centeredness; it is also their responsibility to cater for the needy and should not feel unconcerned about the wellbeing of others around them. Also, the citizens should learn to work and not look down on any work as belittling, stop blaming others and pray to Allah for prosperity and being saved from poverty. We Muslims should continue to exhibit trustworthiness, so that the society can continue to trust us with investments and businesses,”.

The Executive Director of the foundation, Prince Suleiman Olagunju, explained that apart from cash donations, the organization decided to prioritize empowerment schemes in the zakat distribution by buying items needed by established businesses to stabilize them and expand their activities and profits.

The Coordinator of the foundation in the FCT Abuja, Daud Tola Adelakin, emphasized that “poverty level in the country shows that there is more to be done by the wealthy to tackle poverty in the society. He urged the beneficiaries to make the best use of the cash and items they received and work towards helping others the way they were helped”.

The items donated during the ceremony include computers, deep freezers, sewing machines, gasoline generators, electric clippers, printer and grinding machines.

  • In: Zakat In The News | Zakat Issues
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Remarks by Ulrika Modéer, UNDP’s Assistant Administrator and Director of the Bureau of External Relations and Advocacy, at the event Mainstreaming Islamic Finance into Global Initiatives: Another Formidable Pillar in Promoting the SDGs.

I am pleased to be here today to discuss how Islamic finance can contribute to the SDGs, and how UNDP is working with partners throughout the world to harness innovative financing solutions to meet the SDGs.

With the 2030 Agenda, we have agreed on a set of ambitious targets. The SDGs are a bold set of goals representing a new opportunity for humanity to have a common framework to guide our collective actions and achieve a better future for all. But we all recognize that the SDG funding gap[1] cannot be closed by traditional development aid alone[2]. Filling the funding gap will require the engagement of new partners and tools to leverage additional financing for development and leave no one behind.

Islamic finance has the potential to be a crucial tool to offer governments a strong, non-traditional source of financing to advance their SDG implementation. By 2030, it is estimated that between 50-80% of the world’s poor will reside in fragile and conflict-affected countries – many of which are also in Muslim-majority or countries with significant Muslim populations.

It is particularly in these contexts that Islamic finance has the possibility of being a game changer. The primary tools of Islamic finance can not only inject further investments in many crises that are underfunded and neglected by ODA, but can also act as a catalyst for Governments, private sector and aid agencies to work closer together in programming that addresses the root causes of risk and vulnerability, in addition to meeting immediate humanitarian needs[3].

UNDP and Islamic finance social tools

Islamic social finance can help governments and communities meet a range of development needs. Zakat, with its defined set of beneficiaries in need and rapid disbursement, can be vital for crisis response. Waqf, our theme for today, is well-suited for building resilience through institutions, infrastructure, and permanent sources for funding the SDGs.

As a whole, social Islamic finance tools such as Zakah, Waqf, and Sadaqah have a significant potential to address marginalization and vulnerability, when directed towards locally driven programmes promoting social and economic inclusion.

The Islamic Development Bank has estimated that between $230 and $560 billion is given in Zakah each year globally. The Koran identifies specific categories of zakat beneficiaries, including helping the poor and needy, refugees and displaced people and liberating those in bondage – providing a strong alignment between Zakat and the SDGs’ commitment to leave no one behind.

Indonesia is a global leader on Zakat for the SDGs. Our UNDP Indonesia team worked with BAZNAS, the national Zakat collection agency, to apply Zakat funds, for the first time ever, towards local SDG plans, beginning with renewable energy projects in underserved communities. The project, launched in 2017, will provide electricity to 803 households from four villages in Jambi province, benefiting almost 5,000 people. BAZNAS and UNDP will further the collaboration by implementing a livelihood enhancement programme in Jambi to increase the local population’s income generating capacity.

In response to the tragic earthquakes and tsunami in Central Sulawesi and Lombok, UNDP will support BAZNAS to help ensure the zakat they have collected helps provide emergency relief to the population. Zakat can be a critical funding lifeline in the aftermath of crisis, when it is so important to crowd-in financing from public and private sources to reach the most vulnerable, and affected communities.

Turning to Waqf:  the value of waqf land and property in Indonesia alone is estimated at around 4.4-billion-squared metres, with an economic value of $27 billion. If systematically directed towards SDG outcomes, waqf could become a game-changer in support of Indonesia’s commitment to reducing poverty and lessening inequality. However, several limitations prevent the use of waqf towards effectively supporting the SDGs. These include the need for standards and principles governing the management of waqf assets, as well as the need for new institutional arrangements that build on pre-existing initiatives to move from current models of parallel financing to actual SDG-related financing. Today’s launch of the international Waqf Core Principles is therefore a very welcome step in the right direction, as they will provide sound supervisory waqf management and enhance its disclosure and transparency. UNDP is pleased to have supported the development of these new standards through our partnership with Badan Waqf Indonesia. We are also working together to develop the first block-chain enhanced waqf digital platform to increase waqf collections and enhance the effective use of waqf land.

However, more is needed to tap the potential of waqf and other Islamic social finance tools and channel them towards development outcomes.

· We need experts capable of structuring waqf into blended finance mechanisms using a collection of knowledge and best practices which can be adapted to the local policy environment.

· We also need budgeting mechanisms which allow for government funding to catalyse and facilitate Islamic social finance tools for the SDGs.

I believe that UNDP’s development experience and expertise can offer a range of support to stakeholders in the Waqf ecosystem. To governments regulating and overseeing Waqf institutions, we offer technical support on policy, administration, and regulatory best practices. Importantly, we can help align countries’ Waqf sectors with their national SDG agendas. To managers of Waqf institutions, we offer impact identification and measurement tools. These tools can better align their efforts with the SDGs. Third, we can support donors by helping them identify and track the SDG impact of their envisioned philanthropy, and help integrate the SDGs into the charters by which donors establish endowments. And all of these efforts are in place to ultimately serve the beneficiaries of Waqf endowments – now and in the future.

UNDP stands ready to continue to support the Government of Indonesia’s efforts to apply Islamic finance where it is needed most, as well as to other Governments and private partners around the world that are looking to better access Islamic financing towards development outcomes.

In addition to  Islamic social finance, we’re also helping engage commercial Islamic finance, for example through our joint work with the Islamic Development Bank on the Global Islamic finance and Impact Investing Platform (GIFIIP), which is helping to link investors with SDG-aligned projects, including expanding Green Sukuk opportunities.  We recently witnessed the issuance of several green sukuks around the world, including Indonesia’s first sovereign green sukuk earlier this year, which was developed with the support of UNDP. This green sukuk was oversubscribed by more than three times by investors, and its proceeds went exclusively towards climate change action (SDG 13).

And just last week, a private Bank, HSBC, issued the world-first SDG sukuk.  With sukuk representing 16% of the total Islamic finance assets, the potential to catalyse Islamic impact investing towards sustainable development knows no bounds.

Conclusion

But we are just getting started. UNDP is present in all OIC countries; by utilizing our global network and local knowledge base, as well as our impartiality and neutrality, UNDP is well situated to partner and collaborate with Islamic finance stakeholders to help governments unlock the financing needed to achieve their SDGs.

Let me stop here and thank you for the time that you have given me this morning and congratulate our partners on launching the Waqf Core Principles today. I am looking forward to exchanging experiences and learning more about the roles of Islamic Social Finance for the achievement of the global goals and exploring new ways to partner together.

Source: http://www.undp.org

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Due to popular demand and request from many people on this year’s Nisab, Diyyah and Rubu’u Dinar I will like to share with you this short explanation in tabular form as a simplified presentation on the three items.

The Nisab is valid till next Ramadan. In case you have any more question please call me, Ibrahim Tudu on 08086052324

NISAB, DIYYAH AND RUBU’U DINAR THIS YEAR 2018-2019 (Ramadan 1439 to Sha’aban 1440AH)

NAME MEANING AMOUNT THIS YEAR HOW TO CALCULATE AMOUNT TO PAY
NISAB Minimum amount payable as zakat N1,075,066.00 N1,075,066.00 divide by 40 or (2.5%) N26,876.65
DIYYAH Compensation for accidental death/blood money N53,753,300.00 Payment method to be directed by Shari’ah court N53,753,300.00
RUBU’U DINAR Minimum amount of dowry to be paid for marriage & also the minimum theft for cutting hand Average Value of ONE DINAR is N53,753.00 This this ONE QUARTER of a Dinar N13,438.00

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This article was first published in Islamic Finance News Volume 15 Issue 34, dated 22 August 2018.

Too big to ignore: The potential size of the annual Zakat pool is estimated between US$200 billion and US$1 trillion.

Zakat is a form of philanthropy found around the world. All Muslims eligible to pay it must donate at least 2.5 percent of their accumulated wealth. As such, it is one of the largest forms of wealth transfer to the poor and needy in existence. Inspired by the Muslim faith, Zakat is now a global phenomenon of relevance and not only in Muslim majority countries.

In this article, we offer four tips when considering engaging with Zakat for the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):

Zakat is a philanthropic pool too large to ignore;

Zakat is highly aligned with the SDGs;

UNDP has already begun harnessing Zakat for SDG projects; and

Engaging with Zakat is an opportunity for a wide range of stakeholders.

Too large to ignore

The potential size of the annual Zakat pool has been estimated between US$200 billion and US$1 trillion, according to Obaidullah and Shirazi in 2015 and the World Bank and IDBG in 2016.

The precise amount paid is difficult to ascertain, as much of Zakat-giving is done informally direct from the donor to the recipient (according to the UNDP and BAZNAS) and often in goods rather than cash. Zakat is much more prevalent than commercial Islamic finance: 98 percent of Muslims in Indonesia report observing Zakat according to the Pew Research Center, while the market share of Islamic banking is around 6 percent, according to the IFSB. The pattern is similar across many countries. Considering the estimated US$2.5 trillion annual gap in SDG financing, as reported by the World Economic Forum, a funding source that may be as large as US$1 trillion per year cannot be ignored.

Alignment with the SDGs

Alleviating hunger, poverty and inequality, promoting peace and protecting the environment are central to the core Islamic principles known as the Maqasid Shariah. The Quran identifies eight categories of eligible use for Zakat, including helping the poor and needy, refugees and displaced people and liberating those in bondage. Zakat thus aligns strongly with numerous SDGs, including no poverty (SDG 1), zero hunger (SDG 2), reduced inequalities (SDG 10) and others. Collaborating with Zakat donors and administrators reflects the spirit of partnership for the goals (SDG 17). It is about much more than mobilizing finance. Zakat and Islamic finance have an underlying philosophy that embodies socially responsible development and is associated with a wide network of organizations crucial for promoting peace, development and tolerance.

How UNDP has engaged

Through an innovative partnership, UNDP Indonesia has partnered with BAZNAS – the national Zakat collection body – to harness Zakat funding for SDG-related projects. Here’s how the partnership works:

BAZNAS collects funds as per its organizational mandate

BAZNAS makes grants to the UNDP to implement projects, and

The UNDP implements projects in accordance with the UN Charter and the UNDP’s global policies.

Also, the UNDP, in keeping with its principles and policies, makes no representations about religious law and will never discriminate on the basis of religion. It only accepts grants on terms consistent with its global principles. The first major collaboration between BAZNAS and the UNDP was the installation of micro hydropower plants, which bring electricity to more than 4,500 people in four remote communities. This is part of a larger renewable energy project supported by the Global Environment Facility. Future planned projects using Zakat funds include support to livelihoods in those communities with newfound access to electricity and the protection of biodiversity. Through such projects, it is possible to see Zakat’s potential for supporting productive capacities of individuals and communities and not just consumptive or humanitarian activities such as the payment of hospital bills and disaster relief. In addition to implementing project funding by Zakat, the UNDP can also provide much-valued technical assistance to Zakat organizations and governments on enhancing the effectiveness of Zakat collection and administration, and linking Zakat with the overall SDG strategies.

What you can do

Even if you are not currently engaged with this source of philanthropic funding, Zakat can have significant relevance for you:

Muslims who pay Zakat are encouraged to do so through formal organizations rather than directly. Further, you can raise awareness about the link between Zakat and the SDGs by talking to the Zakat organization to which you contribute and asking them if they are aware of the SDGs and how their contributions support the goals. Thirdly, encourage Zakat organizations to explore using funds collected to support productive development activities that enhance people’s livelihoods. Zakat-collecting bodies can partner with development institutions as implementation partners and sources of overall technical assistance

Development partners can engage with Zakat collectors and contributors as a new and alternative source of funding and partnership to reach communities that need it most

Governments can integrate Zakat into their SDG financing plans, and Donor institutions can seek out Zakat agencies as new co-fi nuancing partners.

In a fast-developing, middle income G20 country such as Indonesia, the UNDP is focused on how to unlock the abundant resources available and channel them to where they are needed most. A new report guides Islamic organizations, development professionals and governments on how to harness the power of Zakat and other Islamic funding and finance to achieve the SDGs.

At a recent training event in Jakarta, a colleague confessed it was his first time hearing the word ‘Zakat’ in a UNDP office. If we are to succeed in financing the SDGs, it should not be the last.

Aamir A Rehman

Senior Advisor on Islamic Finance, UNDP

Francine Pickup

Deputy Country Director, UNDP Indonesia

This article was first published in Islamic Finance News Volume 15 Issue 34, dated 22 August 2018.

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Photo by abd ulmeilk majed on Pexels.com

Zakat is an Arabic word which means “increase,” “growth,” or “purification.” Zakat payment is an obligation upon all Muslims to give a portion of their wealth to the poor. Therefore, Zakat is a duty imposed by Allah (SWT) on adult Muslims who have reached or exceeded an amount of wealth.

There is zakat payable on; wealth, livestock, farm products and mineral resources. One condition for the payment of zakat is that the value must reach a stipulated minimum. The minimum amount one must have to be eligible to pay Zakat is called ‘nisab’.

One fourteenth of the amount equivalent to 2.5% of nisab or any amount above the nisab is what is given as Zakat for the poor. Zakat is unique because it is not paid on income but rather on the accumulated savings of a Muslim for a year.  If a person saves nothing after expenses are removed from their income, then such a person is not obligated to pay Zakat.

Poverty has always been a part of the world we live in. Poverty is a condition where individuals and families have no regular income. Thus they live with a chronic lack of opportunities, education, shelter and food.

Poverty in Islam is the failure to fulfill any of the five basic human requirements for oneself or the family. They are; Religious, physical, knowledge, dignity and needs. Zakat is placed by Allah to help those in need.

The implementation of Zakat is a means to alleviate poverty in Islam. Once, in the past Zakat has proven to be a successful tool in the reduction and almost complete elimination of poverty. Therefore, this means that Zakat can be successful again.

Zakat is payable on all forms of wealth; agriculture, silver, gold, money, and so on. When a Muslim fulfills his Allah’s given obligation to give Zakat he is helping to reduce poverty. Those who receive Zakat are those in any of the following categories;

  • The Poor
  • The Needy
  • The collectors of Zakat
  • The needy who are recently converted to Islam
  • Debtors
  • Slaves
  • A stranded traveler
  • Those working for the cause of Allah

Zakat is given at the completion of one year on the NISAB and after the settlement of ones liabilities and debts. Zakat alleviates poverty by not just giving out immediate relief to the poor but by playing a role in the economy. Zakat benefits not just the receiver but the giver. Zakat purifies wealth and curbs greed in Islam.

 


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